This study aims to investigate whether breathing techniques, namely Holotropic Breathwork, can aid in the development of self-awareness. To do this, they used both a quasi-experiment design and multiple case studies. The 20 participants participated in 4 Holotropic Breathwork sessions separated by 12-weeks over the course of the experimental portion. The findings demonstrated that novices experienced positive temperament changes, while experienced participants exhibited positive changes in character traits. However, all participants demonstrated enhanced self-awareness, as evidenced by reduced scores in persistence temperament, interpersonal problems, accommodation tendencies, neediness, and hostility.
This paper summarizes findings showing religion and spirituality may have a protective effect on mental health. A Nurses’ Health Study demonstrated a correlation between regular service attendance and lower levels of depression and suicide. This can be attributed to religion fostering healthy behaviors, social integration, providing social support, and enhancing optimism and a sense of purpose in life. Additionally, a meta-analysis of ten prospective studies with over 136,000 participants found that having a higher sense of purpose in life was associated with a reduced relative risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events.