The core symptoms of addiction are hypothesized to reflect a switch to habitual drug-taking behavior underlined by craving, impaired self-control, emotional dysregulation, and increased stress reactivity. In this study, mindfulness meditation was practiced daily after brief training. This was shown to increase connectivity and activity in ACC/mPFC regions responsible for emotion regulation. These changes were reflected by heightened self-control in both smokers and nonsmokers. This indicates that meditation can help circumvent the craving and impulsive behavior that trap addicts in a cycle of abuse.